Centre for Health Safety

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The food, beverage and nutrition industry is a cornerstone of the UK economy. Feeling Great: Why food, beverage and nutrition manufacturers are increasing British investments

Quality CareFind out why Mayo Clinic is the right place for your health care. Formulating poultry diets based on their indigestible components : Read on Oxford Academic The insoluble fiber consists in a complex structural layer made up of pectin, hemi-cellulose, cellulose and lignin, for which animals lack the endogenous enzymes to digest them. Rebecca Blake, RD, director of clinical nutrition, Mount Sinai Beth Israel.

Crude fibre is the measure of the quantity of indigestible (non-fermentable) fibre in the diet. In pet foods, the fibre is measured using different laboratory methods and listed as either crude fibre or total dietary fibre. The primary function and benefit of fibre is to increase bulk and water in intestinal contents, maintain optimum levels of good bacteria and promote gut health. Heier said that the dietary fibre can be used to reformulate products to cut saturated fat, which has been linked to heart disease, and the overall calorie count. For over ten years, Borregaard has worked on the development of a new technology that enables it to produce a wood-based dietary fibre that works as a fat replacer.

Fiber can soak up water in the intestine, slowing the absorption of nutrients and increasing feelings of fullness ( 15 ). In this way, they promote the growth of “good” gut bacteria, which can have various positive effects on health ( 8 ). This is the most important reason that (some) dietary fibers are important for health.

It also excludes substances which are intimately associated with the major components of dietary fibre and which are capable of having important nutritional and/or physiologic effects such as phytates, lectins, saponins, non-polymeric polyphenols, and inorganic constituents. Hipsley first used the term ‘dietary fibre’ was in 1953 to describe plant cell walls in the diet, which were thought to protect against toxaemia of pregnancy. Adequate dietary fibre is essential for proper functioning of the gut and has also been related to risk reduction for a number of chronic diseases including heart disease, certain cancers and diabetes (see ‘Chronic disease’ section for further discussion). Position of the American Dietetic Association: Health Implications of Dietary fiber. A study with over 500,000 people in 10 European countries showed that people who ate more than 30 grams of fiber per day had approximately half the risk of colon cancer as those who ate 12-15 grams of fiber daily.

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Psyllium shifts the fermentation site of high-amylose cornstarch toward the distal colon and increases fecal butyrate concentration in rats . Short-chain fatty acid content and pH in caecum of rats given various sources of carbohydrates .

Rats were randomly assigned to one of eight dietary treatments (7 rats/treatment). The animal protocol used was reviewed and approved by the Ethics Committee for Animal Studies at Lund University. Rats were housed individually in metabolic cages (13) and given free access to water.

In the present study, cecal transit time was not measured and it remains to be shown whether the transit time was faster in rats fed diets containing WB that generated high amounts of butyric acid, or when GG and Pec were mixed. In general, higher proportions of butyric acid were related to a shorter cecal transit time. Mathers and Dawson (49) found a relationship between the molar proportion of butyric acid in cecal contents and the cecal transit time in rats fed various diets.

Diet, alcohol, and relative weight in gall stone disease: a case-control study. Effect of a high carbohydrate, low sodium and low fat diet in type 2 diabetics with moderate hypertension. A prospective comparison of “conventional” and high carbohydrate/high fiber/low fat diets in adults with established type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetes.

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